Fasting:

  1. Make the Du’a when you see the crescent. اللهم أهله علينا باليمن والإيمان والسلامة والإسلام ربي وربك الله
    O Allah let the crescent approach us with ease, faith, safety and Islam. O moon, my lord and your lord is Allah.
  2. Do not delay your Iftar. لا يزال الناس بخير ما عجلوا الفطر وأخروا السحور . People are still doing fine as long as they expedite their Iftar and delay their Suhur.
  3. Make Du’a when you break your Iftar. إن للصائم عند فطره دعوة لا ترد For the one who fasts has an answer for his prayer that will never be rejected.
  4. Remember to say Bismillah and Al Hamdulillah before and after you eat. إن الله ليرضى عن عبد أن يأكل الأكلة فيحمده عليها أو يشرب الشربة فيحمده عليها Allah will be pleased by his servant if he gives thanks after eating a meal or gives thanks after drinking a drink (water or such).
  5. Break your fast with dates. كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يفطر على رطبات قبل أن يصلي فإن لم تكن رطبات فعلى تمرات فإن لم تكن حسا حسوات من ماء The prophet (PBUH) used to break his fast on ratibat (special raw dates). If there was none he would eat regular dates and if there was none he would sip water.
  6. Eat your Suhur. تسحروا فإن في السحور بركة In Suhur there is a blessing.
  7. Pray in the Masjid. من غدا الى المسجد أو راح أعد الله له نزلا كلما غدا أو راح Whomever went to the Masjid or came back, Allah will prepare a place for him in Heaven every time he leaves or comes.
  8. Invite people to share Iftar with you. من فطر صائما كان له مثل أجره غير أنه لا ينقص من أجر الصائم شيئا Whoever feeds a fasting person will enjoy the same rewards of fasting, without the fasting person losing any of his rewards.
  9. Read the Quran. إقرؤا القرآن فإنه يأتي شفيعا لصاحبه يوم القيامة Read the Quran for it will come as an intercessor for the person on the Day of Judgement.
  10. Try the Sunnah of I’tikaf. كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يعتكف في العشر الأواخر من رمضان The prophet (PBUH) used to practice I’tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan.
  11. Get ready for the night of decree. ليلة القدر خير من ألف شهر تنزل الملائكة والروح فيها بإذن ربهم من كل أمر سلام هي حتى مطلع الفجر The night of decree is better than a thousand months. The angel and the spirit descend therein by permission of their lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.

Salat:

  1. Maintain all your obligated Salat on time. إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specific times.
  2. Try to pray at the Masjid. صلاة الجماعة تفضل صلاة الفذ بسبع وعشرين درجة The group prayer exceeds the individual prayer by 27 times.
  3. Repeat words after Azan and make your Du’a. إذا سمعتم النداء فقولوا مثلما يقول If you hear the call for prayer repeat after each line. الدعاء بين الأذان والإقامة لا يرد Supplication between Azan and Iqamah is never rejected.
  4. Make sure you pray in the first row. لو يعلم الناس ما في الصف الأول ثم لم يجدوا الا أن يستهموا عليه لاستهموا If people knew what is in the first row and found nothing but to draw on it, they would draw on it.
  5. Pray in (Khushuo’) focus and concentration. قد أفلح المؤمنون الذين هم في صلاتهم خاشعون Certainly will the believers have succeeded who are humbly submissive during their prayer.
  6. Maintain all the Sunnah prayers. ما من عبد مسلم يصلي لله تعالى كل يوم اثنتي عشرة ركعة تطوعا من غير الفريضة الا بنى الله له بيتا في الجنة Any Muslim servant who prays to Allah 12 Rakaa’t voluntarily everyday other than the obligated, Allah will build for him a house in paradise.
  7. Make long Sujud with Du’a. أقرب ما يكون العبد الى ربه وهو ساجد ، فأكثروا الدعاء The closest of what a servant would be to his lord is when he is in Sujud so increase your Du’a.
  8. Make Zikr after Salat.
  9. Pray Salat Al Duha. أوصاني خليلي بثلاث لا أدعهن حتى أموت : صوم ثلاثة أيام من كل شهر ، وصلاة الضحى ، ونوم على وتر My companion advised me of three things I will not let go of until I die. Fasting three days of each month, praying Al Duha and praying Witr before I sleep.
  10. Read Surat Al Kahf on Friday. من قرأ سورة الكهف في يوم الجمعة أضاء له النور ما بين الجمعتين Whoever reads Surat Al Kahf on Friday, Allah will light the light for him between the two Fridays.
  11. Maintain Taraweeh prayers. أفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل The best prayer after the obligated is the night prayer.
  12. Make your (Qiyam) prayer at night full with faith and hope for rewards. من قام رمضان إيمانا واحتسابا غفر له ما تقدم من ذنبه Whomever prayed in faith and hope for rewards, all his prior sins will be forgiven.

Purification of the Soul:

  1. Repent and ask for Tawbah. كل ابن آدم خطاء وخير الخطائين التوابون Every son of Adam sins, and the best of them are those who repent.
  2. Ask forgiveness and practice Istighfar. من لزم الإستغفار جعل الله لع من كل هم فرجا ومن كل ضيق مخرجا ورزقه من حيث لا يحتسب Whoever kept on practicing Istighfar, Allah will make for him ease from every stress and from release every pressure, and Allah will bring to you bounties from where you do not expect.
  3. Remembrance of Allah, Zikr. فاذكروني أذكركم Remember Me and I shall remember you.
  4. Donate as much as you can. الصدقة تطفئ الخطيئة كما يطفئ الماء النار Donation clears sins like water puts out fire.
  5. Make Salah on the prophet (PBUH). من صلى علي صلاة صلى الله عليه عشرا Whoever made Salah on the prophet, Allah will make Salah on him ten times.
  6. Attend lectures and learn. من يرد الله به خيرا يفقهه في الدين If Allah wishes something righteous to a servant He will give him the knowledge of deen.
  7. Perform Umrah if you can. عمرة في رمضان تعدل حجة معي Umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to performing Hajj with the prophet (PBUH).

Relations with people:

  1. Keep good relations with parents.
  2. Visit sick people.
  3. Visit family members.
  4. Have a smiley face and always greet people and shake hands.
  5. Keep good relations with your neighbor.
  6. Watch your tongue.

By Sh Kifah Mustapha